Postsynthetic Functionalization of Three-Dimensional Covalent Organic Framework for Selective Extraction of Lanthanide Ions

by Qiuyu Lu, Yunchao Ma, Hui Li, Xinyu Guan, Yusran Yusran, Ming Xue, Qianrong Fang, Yushan Yan, Shilun Qiu and Valentin Valtchev

in Angewandte Chemie

doi :

Chemical functionalization of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) is critical for tuning their properties and broadening their potential applications. However, the introduction of functional groups, especially to three-dimensional (3D) COFs, still remains largely unexplored. Reported here is a general strategy for generating a 3D carboxy-functionalized COF through postsynthetic modification of a hydroxy-functionalized COF, and for the first time exploration of the 3D carboxy-functionalized COF in the selective extraction of lanthanide ions. The obtained COF shows high crystallinity, good chemical stability, and large specific surface area. Furthermore, the carboxy-functionalized COF displays high metal loading capacities together with excellent adsorption selectivity for Nd3+ over Sr2+ and Fe3+ as confirmed by the Langmuir adsorption isotherms and ideal adsorbed solution theory (IAST) calculations. This study not only provides a strategy for versatile functionalization of 3D COFs, but also opens a way to their use in environmentally related applications.

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